in which, for which, on which, at which, from which, to which, of which 用法

in which, for which, on which, at which, from which, to which, of which 用法

in which, at which, on which與when/where的分別【按此】

 


先看 1. 再看2. ,明白當中可以是從 preposition 調上來的。那就會知其所以然。

1.

in which 可翻譯成「在…裡面」
for which 可翻譯成「為了…目的」
on which 可翻譯成「在…上面」
at which 可翻譯成「在…某點上」
from which可翻譯成「在…出來」
to which可翻譯成「要去的…. 位置」
 
The university in which he once studied is a famous one.
【他曾讀過的大學(強調他在裡面讀過)是一所有名氣的學府。】

 

The situation in which we found ourselves was embarrassing.
【我們發現自己那情況下(裡面),非常尷尬。】

 

Tomorrow I will bring the USB for which you asked.
【明天我會帶你所要求的(強調目的)U盤給你。】

 

I have a dresser on which contains varieties of  cosmetics.
【我有一台化妝台,在上面擺放著不同類形的化妝品。】

 

The castle at which I am pointing was built at mid-century.
【我指著的(強調那個點)城堡是建在中世紀。】

 

The party at which he spoke was such a din.
【他所指的那場派對跟本上就是一場胡鬧。】.

 

The religious group from which I broke free was very perverse.
【我離開了的那個宗教群體是非常不正當的。】

 

The town to which we were going was 100 kilometers away.
【我們要去的那個鎮有100公里遠。】
 

2.

in/for/on/at/from/to/of which 的preposition 是從子句的最後調上來的。

例:
The box in which the books are kept was bought.
= The box which the books are kept in was bought.
【當時買了那些用來放置這些書本的箱子。】
 
The town of which we were speaking is a famous one.
= The town which we were speaking of is a famous one.
【我們當時在討論的城鎮是一個出名的城鎮。】
 
The time at which we arrived was about noon.
= The time which we arrived at was about noon.
【我們當時到達的時間是大概正午時份。】
 
The destination to which we were heading is Hong Kong.
= The destination which we were heading to is Hong Kong.
【我們當時正在前往的終點站是香港。】
 
She has married a celebrity (名人)‘of’ whom you must have heard.
= She had married a celebrity whom you must have heard ‘of’.
【她嫁給了名人,他的名字你一定聽過。】
 
The castle which I am pointing ‘at’ was built at mid-century(中世紀).
=The castle ‘at’ which I am pointing was built at mid-century.
【我指著的那個城堡是在中世紀建成的。】
 
其他preposition如under which, during which, about which, over which, etc. 都是同樣這樣用。 道理是一樣的。

 

of which 與 of whom 用法 VS whose, of whom與of which用法【按此了解更多】

如何學好英文的5個重要關鍵因素,學英文有【關連】從基礎到精通【按此】

阿土英語教室Tomato 老師
2008年開始教授IELTS課程
2016年,大學作客席講師教授翻譯技術
1999年開始教授香港高考英文